Historically, consumers ate the produce which grew in their region, or in nearby regions. Fruit was predominantly shipped over land and generally came from nearby regions. In our increasingly globalized world, with people moving across the globe, demand for non-native or 'exotic' fruits continues to rise. As such, shippers are working to effectively and efficiently transport fresh fruits by ocean freight to satisfy global demand.
Fresh fruit remains fresh for a maximum of 20 days when stored and transported at the correct temperatures. This means that it is essential that the reefers, or refrigeration units, are functioning properly during the transport. Reefers should always be prepped before being loaded, fruit should only be loaded into reefers which are already at the correct temperature. Different fruits require different temperatures, and it's important to know what the tolerant range is for the fruit being transported. This range could sit as low as 2 degrees Celsius for fruits like lychee or longan, or as high as 13-15 degrees Celsius for fruits like bananas or durian.
Shippers moving fresh fruit by ocean freight are continually working to improve their business. This means finding optimal routes, improving importing efficiency, and even improving technology. Improved sensors within reefer units can help to maintain up-to-date and accurate temperature data during transportation, resulting in more accurate data and increased food safety. Better reefer units are being produced all the time, and shippers are working to replace old and obsolete units with better ones. Each improvement is helping to bring us the fresh, delicious fruits which we cannot grow in our own regions.