The coastlines of Greece have earned the country notable fame among travellers, photographers, artists, lovers, and more for centuries, and for good reason. Greece isn’t a particularly large country, but it boasts up to 6000 islands, about 250 of which are inhabited, and more than 15000 kilometres of coastline. Because of its geography Greece has historically had an intimate relationship with the sea, relying on the ocean for transport, food, and economic growth. Even today, the ocean plays a large role in the life and culture here. This dependance on the ocean, as well as the intricate coastline of the country, has resulted in unique infrastructure needs.
Islands have limited space in which to cultivate resources, often requiring materials and ingredients from elsewhere to provide basic sustenance. Economic sustainability on islands therefore relies on advanced transport and logistics systems to move items easily to the islands where they are needed. In the summer months, many of he Greek islands experience rapid growth to their populations as tourists flood to the area to chase the sun. These demographic changes often place increased strain on the existing logistics systems. Current infrastructure in Greece ranks at 38th in the world, 21st in Europe, according to a recent PWC report, suggesting the current systems may require some improvements to keep up with the growing demands.
Greece is geographically located at a vital junction between Europe and Asia, and as such has been an essential trading point between the two for thousands of years. In order to meet the increased demand for trade flow across this region, Greece requires improvements to their infrastructure, most notably ports and rail systems. The connection between ports and rail networks improves the ease at which products can move intermodally from the coast towards the inner parts of the continents. These improvement projects will require large scale funding, which Greece is currently seeking through public-private partnerships. Improvements here could be vital to improving the Greek economy, as maritime transport accounts for up to 80% of global trade by volume today.
Overall, Greece has an advanced and widespread infrastructure network designed to move products throughout the country, predominantly via waterways. Improvements to the connections between transport methods will increase the effectiveness of this infrastructure, allowing for major economic gains.