Whiskey and whiskey-like beverages are made from fermenting grains and can be made in nearly any grain-growing region. There are many types of whiskey, depending on the ingredients, production methods, or even production regions. Scotch whiskey, or simply Scotch, is a whiskey made in Scotland, where it must be aged for a minimum of 3 years. Within the country, there are 5 distinct types of scotch: Highlands, Lowlands, Islay, Speyside, and Campbeltown.
Scotch is widely appreciated by whiskey lovers around the globe, and Scottish distilleries are ready to meet the demand. Scotland exports a huge amount of scotch each year, amounting to about 36 bottles exported from the country every second! The export of scotch whiskey continues to grow as well. According to the Scotch Whiskey Association, the export of scotch increased by 7.8% in 2018. The scotch is predominantly exported to the European Union and to the United States. Scotch is also incredibly popular throughout Scotland itself and is closely tied to much of the country’s history and traditions. In fact, whiskey in Gaelic is ‘uisge beathe’ which translates to ‘water of life’.
In order for the scotch being manufactured in Scotland to reach its fans throughout the world, it required extensive and complex networks of trade and transportation. Many types of alcohol are sensitive to light and heat and can be damaged if stored or shipped internationally. Additionally, alcohol is flammable and can be dangerous to transport in large quantities, especially when transported by air. Instead, transportation by sea is preferable for many transportation firms. Refrigeration units are often used to maintain a safe temperature, ensuring the taste and quality of the alcohol remains unchanged. Companies transporting alcohol often partner with 3PL firms to overcome challenges relating to the laws surrounding transportation and trade of alcohol.